What exactly is high cholesterol?
Cholesterol is a fat that the body produces and that also originates from animal sources. Cholesterol aids in the production of vitamin D, numerous hormones, and bile acids, which aid in fat digestion. It is highly needed by the body at correct levels to help produce new cells so that the body may continue to operate normally.
Furthermore, cholesterol is required for digestion, hormone generation, and vitamin D production. However, if the cholesterol level is too high, the body will suffer from a variety of ailments and difficulties.
Proteins transport cholesterol in the blood. Lipoprotein is the mixture of both. Lipoproteins are classified into two types: low-density lipoprotein (LDL), often known as bad cholesterol, and high-density lipoprotein (HDL), also known as good cholesterol.
LDL’s role is to transfer cholesterol from the liver to the cells that require it. However, if the amount of cholesterol consumed exceeds the recommended level, it might accumulate on the walls of the disease-causing arteries.
Meanwhile, unlike LDL, HDL is in charge of transporting cholesterol back to the liver. Cholesterol is broken down in the liver and expelled by the body through faeces or faeces.
Each person’s recommended blood cholesterol level is different. It is up to each individual to determine whether they are at high or low risk of getting artery disease. Meanwhile, blood tests can be used to assess the level or quantity of cholesterol in the blood.
because of excessive cholesterol
Hypercholesterolemia, often known as high cholesterol, occurs when the quantity of cholesterol in the blood exceeds the usual threshold. High cholesterol levels can raise the chance of developing severe disorders. Cholesterol is a waxy lipid substance that is mostly generated in the liver and is derived in part from diet.
Heart attacks and strokes, in general, are illnesses that conceal persons with high cholesterol owing to excessive cholesterol deposits in the blood arteries.
Excess cholesterol can be caused by eating high-cholesterol meals or not exercising enough; however, inheritance can also be a factor.
Furthermore, medical problems that might result in high cholesterol levels include:
- renal illness that is chronic
- Diabetes is a disease.
- AIDS / HIV
- a kind of tree
- risk factors for high cholesterol
The following factors enhance the likelihood of having high cholesterol:
a bad diet
Consuming too much saturated or trans fat, for example. Saturated fat is often found in fatty foods and whole milk. Trans fats are frequently found in processed snacks and desserts.
A person with a BMI of 30 or higher is at risk of having elevated cholesterol.
a lack of physical activity
Exercise aids in the increase of good cholesterol, or HDL, in the body.
This practise can drop HDL, or healthy cholesterol levels.
Excessive alcohol consumption might boost overall cholesterol levels.
High cholesterol can affect youngsters, although it is more frequent in those over the age of 40. The liver’s ability to decrease LDL cholesterol declines as we age.
high cholesterol symptoms
High cholesterol does not generally create any symptoms. In most cases, new symptoms appear when elevated cholesterol causes plaque accumulation in the arteries.
Plaque can restrict the arteries, allowing less blood to flow through them. Plaque development alters the configuration of the lining of the arteries. Blood flow to the heart, brain, and other organs of the body can be obstructed when the artery walls become clogged owing to high cholesterol levels.
High cholesterol raises the chance of having restricted arteries, also known as atherosclerosis, blood clots in certain sections of the body, mild strokes, strokes, and heart attacks.
High cholesterol can also produce pain in the front of the chest or arms (angina) when a person is stressed or conducting hard physical activity. High cholesterol also raises the risk of coronary heart disease.
People with high cholesterol are more likely to suffer a stroke or heart disease if they do not adjust their diet and stop smoking. Acrolein is a chemical found in cigarettes.
This chemical can prevent good cholesterol, or HDL, from storing fat in the liver. As a result, artery narrowing, often known as atherosclerosis, might occur.
Blood cholesterol levels should be examined if you are overweight, have high blood pressure, have diabetic symptoms, or have other conditions that might boost cholesterol levels.
If a close relative is suffering from cholesterol-related ailments, or if there is a family history of heart disease at a young age, a cholesterol level test is strongly suggested.
Cholesterol is diagnosed based on the results of a blood test and a physical assessment of the victim’s symptoms. A doctor will also review the family history. Its goal is to see if there are any other medical issues causing high cholesterol levels in the blood.
A lipid panel is a basic blood test used to detect cholesterol levels. This test is effective for determining total cholesterol, LDL cholesterol, HDL cholesterol, and triglyceride levels. Your doctor will take a blood sample to perform this test. The sample will then be sent to a laboratory for analysis by the doctor. When the results of the tests are in, the doctor will inform you whether your cholesterol or triglyceride levels are abnormally high.
Before doing a lipid panel, your doctor may instruct you to fast for at least 12 hours.
therapy for high cholesterol
The first line of defence against high cholesterol is to make lifestyle changes such as exercising and eating a balanced diet. If this does not work, more therapy is typically required.
A medicine or drug combination is chosen based on a number of considerations, including individual risk factors, age, health, and potential drug adverse effects. Typical treatment options include:
Statins such as atorvastatin, fluvastatin, lovastatin, pitavastatin, pravastatin, rosuvastatin, and simvastatin are available.
Inhibitor of cholesterol absorption
Ezetimibe, for example, may help decrease blood cholesterol by decreasing dietary cholesterol absorption. Ezetimibe can be used with statin drugs.
Binding resin for bile acids
Cholestyramine, colesevelam, and colestipol, for example, can decrease cholesterol indirectly by binding to bile acids.
PCSK Inhibitor Medications
May aid in the absorption of LDL cholesterol by the liver. Alirocumab and evolocumab are two examples of medications.
Your doctor may prescribe if you also have excessive triglycerides.
Fenofibrate with gemfibrozil may reduce the liver’s synthesis of very low-density lipoprotein (VLDL) cholesterol while increasing triglyceride elimination from the blood.
May impair the liver’s capacity to manufacture LDL and VLDL cholesterol.
Triglyceride reduction may be aided by omega-3 fatty acid supplements. Prescription or over-the-counter available (OTC).
Preventing high cholesterol
One of the most important things you can do to avoid or decrease your cholesterol levels is to eat a healthy and balanced diet. The amount of fat in the diet should be kept to a minimum.
To maintain cholesterol levels in the body low, replace meals high in saturated fat with fruits and vegetables and whole grains (e.g., whole wheat bread).
In addition to a healthy diet and weight loss, overweight persons should stop smoking.
When should you see a doctor?
If you’ve taken measures, but your cholesterol levels stay high for many days, interfering with your activities, contact a doctor right away for assistance.